Buxton Museum and Art Gallery holds archive material relating to Sir William Boyd Dawkins and Dr. J. Wilfrid Jackson. Over the last five years Dr. Brian Goodwin has been researching the archive, looking at the correspondence, photographs, manuscripts and personalia belonging to the two men. As part of this project, Brian has written articles on aspects of their life and work, ranging from Dawkins’ involvement in public education to Jackson’s time spent in Egypt.
We will be publishing the articles regularly on this blog and also uploading them to the museum’s website. This week we are kicking off with J. Wilfrid Jackson and Museums, an article exploring Jackson’s role as Assistant Keeper at Manchester Museum and his appointment as ‘Honorary Consultant’ to Buxton Museum in 1929.
J. Wilfrid Jackson and Museums
Wilfrid Jackson joined Manchester Museum as an Assistant Keeper under W.E. Hoyle in 1907. William Boyd Dawkins was part of the appointment panel and in Jackson’s words gave him a “rigorous interview”. Dawkins seems to have taken Jackson ‘under his wing’ and not only supervised him in his curatorial duties (related to geology) but also introduced him to ‘cave hunting’ and the study of mammalian osteology. Jackson quickly became expert in these fields and built up a strong reputation. Initially, in the 1910s and 1920s, he concentrated on geology and palaeontology, especially fieldwork, but he was increasingly called upon to identify bone remains from archaeological sites around the country. He ended up having authored more than 80 bone reports, many from important sites such as Stonehenge, Woodhenge, Creswell Crags and Glastonbury Lake Village. A further 120 or so unpublished bone reports are present in the Buxton Museum and Art Gallery archive.
Jackson in 1937, working at Manchester Museum on a skull of a cave bear from Italy
In addition to research and the publication of scientific studies, museum work included more mundane work such as the organisation, cataloguing and labeling of collections, answering queries from members of the public and escorting parties round the museum. A good idea of the nature of the work can be gained from reading the Annual Reports published by Manchester Museum during Jackson’s tenure. Among the more unusual tasks performed was the famous unrolling of the mummy in 1908 (see ‘Jackson in Egypt’ article), and the packing of precious items for removal and safe storage during the two wars. He was also active in promoting the work of museums and a long-standing member of the North West Federation of Museums & Art Galleries. He acted as President in 1943 and was made an honorary member in 1946, following his retirement from Manchester Museum.
Earlier in his career, Jackson had spent a good deal of time investigating the geology and archaeology of Derbyshire and in 1928 he began a close association with Buxton that saw him appointed as an ‘Honorary Consultant’ to Buxton Museum the following year. This link with the Museum was strengthened in 1945 when he moved (on retirement) to Buxton to live and he served on the Buxton Library and Museum Committee from 1947 to 1951. On his death in 1978, his daughter Alicia donated most of his papers, letters and other memorabilia to Buxton Museum and Art Gallery where they form an important archive. The Museum also has a large collection of his fossils, collected in the surrounding area. Jackson is commemorated at BMAG through various displays and the Boyd Dawkins room, which is a period style study room (circa 1900) and is actually dedicated to both Dawkins and Jackson.
The Boyd Dawkins Room at Buxton Museum and Art Gallery
Dr. Brian Goodwin – June 2014
Buxton Museum and Art Gallery