We promised you a gigantic quiz and a gigantic quiz you shall have. Undaunted, we wander out of the realm of the psychical this week and into the otherworldly. The dramatic landscape of Derbyshire and the Peak District has been stimulating the human imagination for thousands of years, although it is said that each myth and legend is grounded in a real occurrence. Those misty peaks, foreboding caves and shadowy dales have become inhabited by a mind-boggling array of phantoms, giants, hobgoblins and mermaids. Some more famous than others. The question is; how much do you know about them? Answers next week.
Before you face this local carnival of creatures, you may want to have a guess at the names of some of the places they are said to live from last week. The answers are at the bottom of this post.
10 Questions for Grownups
1) Who was the pedlar fleeing from when he hid under Caster’s Bridge at Gradbach?
2) Saint Bertram, whose shrine can be found in the village of Ilam, was born a prince but became a hermit. The legend says that this was due to his wife and new-born child being killed by wild animals, but what type of animal does it specify?
3) According to folklore, in 1762 a jilted lover, Hannah Baddeley, attempted to throw herself off the cliffs in Stoney Middleton. What was it that miraculously saved her?
4) Chesterfield Parish Church is well-known for its crooked spire but, according to legend, who was responsible for it?
5) What is the stone circle on Stanton Moor traditionally believed to depict?
6) Where are the ghosts of two lovers killed in 1758 said to roam?
7) What is rumoured to be heard before a death in the village of Tideswell?
8) Why do some people believe that the ghost that was sighted by staff at Royal Derby Hospital could have been a Roman soldier?
9) There’s a megalithic structure between Hen Cloud and the Roaches, which has been used for centuries to cure ills and push the Devil off your back. What is it called and what do you do when you get there?
10) What was Jedediah Buxton’s “specialist subject” and what was his prediction to the Duke of Portland?
10 Questions for Children
1) What mythical creature is said to emerge from a pool of water up on Kinder Scout every Easter at midnight?
2) What is the name of the local goblin believed to have lent a helping hand to many Derbyshire farmers?
3) For an April Fool’s prank in 2007, what mythical being did one man claim to find the remains of in Derbyshire?
4) Robin Hood’s Stride is a well-known walking route in the Peak District. Why do you think it has this name?
5) Local farmers and residents of Onecote village are believed to have come across a ghostly rider on a white horse. What is it that makes him so easily recognisable?
6) Which well in Matlock Bath makes any object deposited within it, develop a stony appearance over time?
7) Where in Derbyshire would you find the Lost Lad?
8) Whose skull used to sit on the window sill of Tunstead Farm?
9) Over which reservoir have many ghostly sightings of WW2 aircrafts been reported?
10) What animal is said to have entered an ash tree and mysteriously disappeared in the village of Sheldon in 1601?
Answers to Round 6
10 Questions for Grownups
1) In 1636, which cavern was named ‘The First Wonder of the Peak’ in Thomas Hobbes’ famous Latin poem?
A: Poole’s Cavern.
2) Which Derbyshire caves contain the northernmost cave art in Europe?
A: Cresswell Crags.
3) What is the largest cave entrance in Britain known for its flatulent noises?
A: Peak Cavern or The Devil’s Arse in Castleton.
4) There is a section of cave under Stoney Dale called ‘The Incisma’, but why was it given this name?
A: The name stands for ‘I’m not caving in Stoney Middleton again’ but don’t let that put you off!
5) Historians have identified Lud’s Church (or Ludchurch) as being a possible location for the Green Chapel in the Arthurian tale Sir Gwain and the Green Knight. What is the other possible cave location on the Manifold Valley?
A: Old Hannah’s Hole, Wetton Mill.
6) In what Peak District valley can be found the cave Owl Hole?
A: Dowel Dale.
7) On what hill is Fox Hole cave?
A: High Wheldon.
8) What is the name of the limestone hill just above the stepping stones at Dovedale?
A: Thorpe Cloud.
9) In the white peak there are two Deepdales. One runs from Brierlow Bar to the Wye valley, the other is near Sheldon. What did the one close to Sheldon used to be named?
10) What hill in Monsal Dale was there an Iron Age massacre?
A: Fin Cop.
10 Questions for Children
1) What’s the highest point in the Peak District? Clue – it has a similar name to a delicious brand of chocolate egg.
A: Kinder Scout.
2) About 2 million years ago, which natural event led to the formation of many peaks and caves in Derbyshire?
A: The Ice Age.
3) What is the name of the hilltop castle that overlooks Castleton?
A: Peveril Castle.
4) Blue John is only sourced in Castleton, but can you name the two caverns?
A: Treak Cliff Cavern and Blue John Cavern.
5) Titan is a natural cave in the Peak District and is the deepest shaft of any known cave in Britain. Can you guess how deep it is?
A: 141.5 metres or 464 feet.
6) Chrome Hill has a famous nickname. What is it?
A: The Dragon’s Back.
7) Which cave shares its name with an Avenger who also happens to be a Norse God?
A: Thor’s Cave.
8) Name the famous peak that is known as the “Shivering Mountain” and whose name means “Mother Hill”.
A: Mam Tor.
9) Stalactites and Stalagmites grow in different directions to each other – which one goes up and which one goes down?
A: Stalactites grow down (c for ceiling) and Stalagmites grow up (g for ground).
10) In which cave can you find “poached egg” stalactites and stalagmites?
A: Poole’s Cavern in Buxton.